CENSUS - 2011


ü Who conducts the Census operation?
ü Census operation is the responsibility of Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, an office in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
ü Dr. C. Chandramouli is the Registrar-General and Census Commissioner.
ü Latest census was conducted in 2011. It was the biggest ever census attempt.
ü This marks the milestone as the first ever National Population Register (NPR).
ü All the persons aged about 15 are photographed and finger printed (eight fingers and 2 thumbs) to create a biometric national database.
ü This is the 15th census for India.
ü The country first started its census in the year 1872.
ü The first regular census was conducted in the year 1881 by Lord Rippon.
ü 15th census will covered all 640 districts, 5767 tehsils, 7742 towns and more than 6 lakh villages in the country.
ü 15th census started on April 1, 2010 and the entire process was completed by March 5, 2011.
ü NPR is set amidst NATGRID (National Intelligence Grid), the UID (Unique Identification Project) and still waiting in the wings the DNA Bank. NATGRID will enable 11 security and intelligence agencies including RAW, IB, ED, National Investigating Agency, CBI, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence and Narcotic Control Bureau.
ü Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) is a modern Technology being used in census operation.
ü 1st census was conducted in 1872 and the 1st conducted synchronously in the year 1881.
ü Since then caste wise population was conducted up to the year 1931.
ü The PM agreed for conducting caste based Census for 2011. This was the 1st attempt in independent India.
ü (Note: This is the provisional population and the final data is likely to be released next year.)
ü The total population reached 1.21 billion (1210.2 Million). This is an increase of more than 181 million from 2001 census.
ü India’s population accounts for 17.5 percent of the World’s population.
ü The population of India is equal to the combined population of US, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan (1214.3 Million).
ü The number of males 623.7 million (51.54 %).
ü The number of females 586.5 million (48.46 %).
ü The percentage growth of the population is (2001 – 2011) is 17.64. (17.19 males and 18.12 females).
ü Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with 199 million people followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
ü Lakshadweep is the least populated with 64,429 people.
ü The overall sex ratio nationwide has increased by 7 points 940.  (In 2001 it was 933).
ü An increase in sex ratio was observed in 29 states/ Union Territories.
ü Kerala has the highest sex ratio with 1084 followed by Puducherry with 1038.
ü Daman and Diu has the lowest sex ratio with 618.
ü Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Gujarat have shown a decline in sex ratio as compared to census 2001.
ü The child sex ratio is 914. (0 to 6 years). It was 927 in Census 2001.
ü The literacy rate increased to 74.04 percent. (It was 64.83 percent in census 2001). The literacy rate is increased by 9.21 percent.
ü The female literacy rate is 65.46 percent. (It was 53.67 percent in Census 2001).
ü The male literacy rate is 82.14 percent. (It was 75.26 percent in Census 2001).
ü Kerala has the highest literacy rate with 93.91 percent.
ü Lakshadweep is the second in highest literacy rate with 92.28 percent.
ü Bihar has the lowest literacy rate with 63.82 percent.
ü Serchhip district in Mizoram is the district with highest literacy rate of 98.76 percent. Aizawl recorded 98.50.
ü Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh has the lowest literacy rate of 37.22 percent.